I for one have always been in favour of the reservation system. My stand has been that reservation is right – but the way it has been implemented is wrong. It may need a good deal of revamping …..but certainly not abolishing it.
Here is an excellent article by Vinay Lal. He is the associate professor in the dept. of History, Uni of California.
Here are some of the arguments of anti-reservationists which he methodically demolishes. Also the ruling today in the Khairlanji case where some of the acquitted were given death sentences and a few others – rigorous life sentences – indicates things going in the right direction. It is indeed shameful that these kinds of things still happen in the land of Ambedkar ……..even as late as 2006.
Anti-Reservationist: quotas severely compromise standards of excellence, and that meritorious candidates are excluded in favour of less “qualified” applicants who can claim membership in some excluded group targeted for help—the Constitution’s promise of equality of opportunity, in the name of which reservations are upheld, stands in tatters.
Counter: Though opponents of reservations insistently harp on “merit”, can merit be at all understood apart from the social context in which it is wrought into being and evaluated? Students who are meritorious may have vastly differential access to good schools, coaching institutions, private tutors, a safe environment, and the like.
Anti-Reservationist: Should we pay for the sins of our fathers.
Counter: If one should not be held accountable for the sins of one’s ancestors, one should also not be able to profit by the extraordinary privileges of one’s ancestors. If, for untold centuries—perhaps the same span of time is needed to reverse discrimination—only the upper castes exercised a ruthless monopoly in numerous areas of social privilege, why should their sons and daughters, in an age ostensibly bound by ideas of equality and distributive justice, derive any advantages at all?
Rajiv:A lot of well educated people are simply well educated because they are socially endowed to receive well education. This social endowment comes from the ancestrol background, assets and wealth that they hold. There is no level playing field in the ‘social endowment’ section when it comes to a lot of SC/STs. This should be fixed in creative ways
Anti-Reservation: The most strenuous argument that has been advanced against reservations is that they would most likely be altogether unnecessary if the state had not been grossly negligent in ensuring universal education.
Counter: Widespread literacy may not entirely obviate the need for reservations, but it will unquestionably show that the tale of discrimination must be woven around caste, economic disparities, gender, status, regional and linguistic affiliations, and history of schooling in one’s family and community.
Pointer 1: First, there seems to be a consensus that there is unimpeachable evidence of historical and continuing discrimination against SCs and STs. This has to be acknowledged across the boardPointer 2: Second, it follows that reservations should not be confused with policies designed to alleviate poverty, though doubtless that reservations for SCs and STs may have the effect of lifting some of them from the ranks of the poor.Pointer 3: Third, the idea of discrimination furnishes less analytical purchase than the trope of exclusion. People are excluded from full participation in their society on numerous grounds other than caste, and it thus becomes imperative to probe more deeply into the various ways in which exclusion seriously impairs the practice of democracy.
Gandhi and Ambedkar famously tussled in 1930s over how untouchability could best be eradicated and towards the end of his life, Gandhi had come around to the view that social awakening of upper-caste Hindus would not suffice to bring about equality.Gandhi was prescient about this: “The hard-heartedness of the educated”, he told an American visitor to Sevagram in the mid-1930s, “fills me with the greatest despair”. Both the advocates and the opponents of reservations can profitably mull over this phenomenon.
most Muslims in India have a traitorous attitude. They all support Pakistan and hate Hindus.
“Yes we have to condemn the church attacks …….but why have these attacks happened? Its because of conversion. Conversion should be banned – for centuries they have done it that way of giving economic allurements and making Hindus christians”